On the Common Convention of UNESCO held in Paris on nineteenth November, 1964, it was agreed that “a publication is a periodical if it constituted one problem in a steady collection underneath the identical title” (Norman, 2008). Supporting this notion, a periodical literature is revealed at common intervals over an indefinite interval, particular person points within the collection being unnumbered. On this notice, a periodical literature is a publication with a particular title which seems at acknowledged or common intervals with out prior determination as to when the final problem shall seem. It accommodates articles, tales, or different writings by a number of contributors. Periodical literature is utilized in its narrower sense as indicating transactions and percentages of societies, each day newspapers magazines, scholarly journals, commerce journals, evaluate journals. Like most underdeveloped and creating nations on the earth insufficient funding of upper schooling libraries in Sierra Leone displays on poorly developed periodical literature assortment and in consequence ineffective info service is supplied to the dissatisfaction of customers. Based mostly on the worth for analysis work within the academia, managing periodical literature in greater schooling libraries in Sierra Leone must be the necessity for a group of ordinary periodical literature in tutorial libraries is critical.
HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN SIERRA LEONE
Sierra Leone operates a 6-3-3-4 system of schooling are subdivided into six(6) years on the major stage, three(3) years on the Junior Secondary stage, three(3) on the Senior Secondary stage, and a minimal of 4(4) years on the tertiary stage. This sub-division permits the implementation of curriculum that takes account of the totally different pupils extra absolutely. The final intention of schooling coverage in Sierra Leone is to offer each little one with an schooling which takes absolutely into an account: character improvement: his curiosity means and aptitude; his emotional, psychological and bodily well-being; the manpower wants of the nation; the equal significance of each tutorial and non-academic schooling; the necessity for a literature and numerate populace.; the financial assets of the state, in order that his schooling may be of use to the nation and on the similar time present alternatives for him to achieve success in life.
Larger schooling is post-secondary schooling given in a college, faculty or polytechnique and is the stage of specialisation. The aims of upper schooling fluctuate in accordance with the establishment and course of research however typically embrace the acquisition bodily and mental abilities mandatory for the event of each the person and his society. In Sierra Leone, greater instructional establishments type the idea of instructional development following the completion of secondary schooling. Larger schooling is the best means altering the outlook of individuals by means of the broadening of their horizon. Societal improvement to a big extent depends on the human useful resource empowerment and improvement. Towards this background, greater instructional establishments play a pivotal function in creating the human useful resource to contribute positively and meaningfully to the socio-economic, political and academic improvement of Sierra Leone.
Larger instructional establishments in Sierra Leone are the College of Sierra Leone, Ernest Bai Koroma College and Njala College that are state owned and College of Makeni and Limkonwong College that are personal owned. The constituent schools underneath the College of Sierra Leone embrace Fourah Bay Faculty(FBC), Institute of Public Administration and Administration(IPAM) and Faculty of Drugs and Allied Well being Science(COMAHS); Bo Campus and Njala College. The upper instructional establishments of collegiate standing embrace Milton Margai Faculty of Training and Know-how; Japanese Polytechnigue; Bonthe Polytechnique; Freetown Trainer. Port Loko Academics Faculty and these provide programs resulting in the award of diplomas and Certificates. Quite the opposite, the state-owned and personal -owned universities provide Certificates, Diploma, Undergraduate and postgraduate diploma programs in numerous disciplines within the school of their respective establishments. The curricula differs from establishment to establishment and curricula and programmes that require using periodical literature embrace drugs, legislation, engineering, schooling, agriculture, arts and humanities, social sciences, pure and utilized sciences, know-how, administration and administration. To a larger extent, the Central Authorities, by means of subventions funds for greater instructional establishments to reinforce their smooth-running, despite the fact that some donor businesses do render monetary help to those establishments along with inside funds generated by them.
HIGHER EDUCATION LIBRARIES IN SIERRA LEONE
Libraries are storage of data and knowledge is such a precious commodity that its immense contribution to nationwide improvement can’t be underestimated. Larger schooling libraries are the nerve centres of all tutorial actions. This merely implies that these libraries contribute to the educating/studying and analysis programmes of the mother or father establishments by offering the wanted info companies for undergraduate and postgraduate college students, educating workers, researchers, administrative and technical workers. Efficient tutorial work depends on high quality info service and the library performs a major function on this regard. Based on Frederick Ken Nicol info is a crucial supply utilized by organisations to ship applicable product or companies to prospects(2011 p.64). On this vein, greater schooling libraries handle info to satisfactorily meet the necessity of their clientele. Thus, info must be deliberate for in the identical method that human and monetary assets are deliberate to make sure elevated productiveness and environment friendly service supply. Due to this fact, tutorial libraries like all different organisations which have thought out and systematic info planning course of stand out to learn extra these that don’t. Nicely-planned and organised info enhances efficient service supply.
Larger schooling libraries in Sierra Leone assist analysis work, group improvement and complement the educating/studying processes of their respective mother or father establishments. On this regard, good administration of upper schooling libraries is the organisations and upkeep of a well-balanced and vibrant assortment in making certain that the data wants of customers are satisfactorily met. The totally different collections stocked in these establishments embrace however not restricted to common guide assortment on all disciplines to mortgage by customers out of the library constructing, specialised assortment, reference assortment and periodical literature and the quantum of their contents will depend on the dimensions of the library and its readership. Growing and sustaining a well-stocked assortment in addition to recruiting and empowering competent and certified workers is basically depending on the monetary energy of the library. Due to this fact tutorial libraries have to be prioritised by their mother or father our bodies with regards to annual finances approval and allocations for his or her efficient operations.
Managing tutorial libraries may very well be linked with the companies they provide. Because the operations of educational libraries are gear in direction of the availability of efficient companies, that is solely actualised by buying a number of copies of textbooks, current journals and a great assortment of really useful texts for background studying to develop and organise a tutorial library for efficient tutorial work.
PERIODICAL LITERATURE IN HIGHER EDUCATION LIBRARIES AND MANAGEMENT
The availability of upper schooling libraries is critical in complementing the educating/studying course of and for efficient analysis work. On this regard, premium must be placed on the administration of periodical literature in greater schooling libraries considering their significance in offering present and researchable info.
Since periodical literature kinds a part of the gathering of a tutorial library, a big share of its finances allotted must be utilised for the acquisition of present and well-liked journals. The periodicals to be acquired must be titles really useful by school members in collaboration with the periodical Librarian throughout disciplines supplied within the establishment reminiscent of Library Quarterly; Journal of Sociology; Chemical, Abstracts; Soils Science Journal; Worldwide Journal of Administration; Scientific Science Quarterly. You will need to notice that organising and sustaining periodicals in greater schooling libraries differ from establishment to establishment.
Initially, periodicals have been revealed to allow philosophers and Scientist to speak their new concepts and thought to others taken with the identical or comparable topics. As we speak, periodicals are principal media for publishing unique realized papers and the state-of-the-art critiques. They’re more and more necessary as they are often helpful for each present and retrospective info wanted by lecturers.
Lawson(2014) opined that the importance hooked up to periodical literature necessitates the event of a robust periodical literature assortment as a part of the library inventory. The author of this text, nonetheless revealed that periodicals are of nice significance in greater schooling libraries in that:
- new matters new discoveries and applied sciences are normally launched in articles in periodicals;
- they provide typically the newest potential info on a given topics;
- they’re usually the purely supply of supplies on new topics;
- they provide a specific article to a reader who has seen it cited in a guide or one other journal; and
- they supply an outline of the state of a given self-discipline at a specific time.
Additionally periodical article could stay invaluable info sources for a era or certainly for an extended interval. Periodical articles are normally pretty concise, usually very dependable and regularly well-illustrated. A degree to notice is that periodical carry present info on most disciplines.
Additional significance of periodical literature in greater schooling libraries as asserted is that they’re major supply of latest info, whether or not it’s the results of analysis, information objects, statistical information, announcement, correspondence, commercials a couple of services or no matter. Every kind of periodical is necessary to not less than a gaggle of individuals in academia, regarding their work, or leisure actions; some have ephemera existence; others could also be helpful for a few years, even indefinitely. Taking into the consideration the importance of periodical literature in greater schooling libraries, their choice and acquisition both by subscription, donation or trade must be a collaborative effort between the libraries and workers of the varied schools and universities.
Periodical literature in greater schooling libraries in Sierra Leone embrace journals, indexes, abstracts, magazines, serials and their organisations and administration differs from library to library. Problems with all acquired periodical literature are recorded on a kardex and any lacking problem must be claimed from the writer. Earlier than displaying and shelving them, all recorded points are claimed with the ex libri stamp of the library in query. When all the problems to finish a quantity are acquired, they’re then put collectively to be despatched to bindery or conservation unit for both onerous cowl binding or stitching. Customers of periodical literature in these establishments embrace college students, lecturers and researchers. Periodical literatures are for use throughout the partitions of the Periodical Division. Nonetheless, customers are allowed to take them out to photocopy the required pages after signing for them. Lecturers are given conception to mortgage them on quick time period foundation and mortgage information are saved to recall overdue points. The upkeep of periodical literature is as significance as the opposite collections of the library.
The key problem greater schooling libraries in Sierra Leone face is funding. These libraries are inadequately funded by their mother or father our bodies to some extent that the smooth-running of their operations in making certain efficient info service supply is drastically hampered. For a tutorial library to develop and keep a vibrant periodical literature assortment rely on how properly it’s funded. Assortment improvement in greater schooling libraries in Sierra Leone has confronted challenges of fulfilling the demand of their clientele with an growing shortage of funds to deal with the excessive value of periodical publications. As the results of the legislation finances allotted to run these libraries, subscribing to the required journal title poses a major problem for the Acquisition Librarian. Some volumes are incomplete; lacking points are onerous to exchange and the acquisition of kardexes on which acquired journal points are recorded just isn’t fairly possible for the reason that library operates inside a restricted monetary assets.
In successfully working greater schooling libraries, each the human and monetary elements must be balanced as these two are inseparable in reaching the specified purpose of an organisation. Towards this background, schools and universities in Sierra Leone with the assist of the Ministry of Technical and better Training ought to re-defined their respective libraries in order that premium may very well be positioned on the subscription of related journal titles in addition to claiming lacking points from publishers and their brokers.
One other problem greater schooling libraries in Sierra Leone confronted in managing their periodical literature assortment is that of cupboard space. Most of those libraries except Fourah Bay Faculty(FBC) library which has a separate Periodical Division, don’t have sufficient house for newly acquired titles. The storage issues these libraries confronted results in the frequent weeding of periodical literature to create house for subsequent points.